上海市-学年高三上学期期中英语试卷

试题试卷 时间:2020-07-02 我要投稿

上海市2018-2019学年高三上学期期中英语试卷

  一、语法填空

上海市2018-2019学年高三上学期期中英语试卷

  On the morning of September 11,20xx, computer sales manager Michael Hingson, who is blind, went early to his office on the 78th floor of the North Tower of the World Trade Center to prepare for a meeting. As Michael worked, his guide dog, a Labrador retriever 1. (name) Roselle, dozed by his feet.

  At 8:46 a.m., a tremendous boom rocked the building, eliciting screams throughout the floor. Michael grabbed Roselle, trusting that the dog 2. (lead) him out of the danger, and they navigated their way to a stairwell.

  “Forward,” Michael instructed, and they descended the first of 1,463 steps to the lobby. 3. about ten floors, the stairwell grew crowded and hot, and the fumes from jet fuel had made it hard to breathe.

  When a woman became crazy, yelling that they wouldn’t make it. Roselle accompanied the woman 4. she finally petted the dog, calmed herself, and kept walking down the stairs.

  Around the 30th floor, firefighters started passing Michael on their way up. Each one stopped to offer him assistance. He declined but let Roselle be petted, 5. (provide) many of the firefighters with 6. would be their last experience of unconditional love.

  After about 45 minutes, Michael and Roselle reached 7. looby, and 15 minutes later, they emerged outside to a scene of chaos. Suddenly the police yelled for everyone to run as the South Tower began to collapse.

  Michael kept a tight grip on Roselle’s harness, using voice and hand commands, as they ran to a street opposite the crumbling tower. The street bounced like a trampoline, and “a deafening roar” like a hellish freight train filled the air. Hours later, Michael and Roselle made it home safely. At that moment, they thought they were 8. (lucky ) in the world.

  In the months that followed, Michael became a spokesperson for Guide Dogs for the Blind, the organization by which Roselle 9. (train). Together, they spread their message about trust and teamwork.

  In 20xx, Roselle developed a blood disorder, 10. prevented her from guiding and touring. She died in 20xx.

  “I’ve had many other dogs,” Michael wrote, “but there is only one Roselle.”

  二、完形填空

  Though people have discussed the relationship between science and nature for many years, there is no consensual(统一的) explanation. While some view science as a powerful tool in ______ nature’s source of power, others view it as a danger. One example is Barry Commoner’s article, Unraveling(解开) the DNA Myth, which explains the recent developments in DNA technology and expresses ______. Another example is Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story, The Birthmark. It is a tale about a famous scientist, Aylmer, who seems to be unraveling nature’s deepest secrets one by one. Despite all of his ______ and vast understanding of science, Aylmer is unable to direct that knowledge into ______ free from nature’s grasp. He was unable to rid his wife of her birthmark and, in the end, killed her.

  Despite the different presentations of the concepts, though time separated the two men, both pieces express a similar view on the relationship between science and nature. Both pieces suggest that nature is ______ and holds wonders, secrets, and powers that many scientists constantly dream about discovering. Although there is a gap of one hundred and sixty years, Commoner still shares and gives evidence to Hawthorne’s beliefs that there is a unique ______ in nature that cannot be discovered or understood through science and that the ______ to uncover nature’s secrets are ______ and can lead to disaster. According to Commoner, nature’s universal power continues to prevent and control their discoveries. Commoner criticizes and ______ doubt on the true power of science.

  As Commoner’s article suggests, nature only allows science to have limited power and success. Both men believe that complete trust in science is ______, however wonderful and groundbreaking some scientific discoveries are. Commoner believes that people only seem to focus on the few achievements, while avoiding and ignoring all of the laws. For example, “most clones exhibit developmental failure before or soon after birth”. By stressing all of the ______ and shortcomings of science, he conveys the notion that nature’s secrets are well kept and far from being understood and ______ by man. The government and private companies have invested billions of dollars in mapping the human genome, but we still have no ______ for it. Such a discovery is useless, however interesting it might be.

  Commoner’s article clearly represents science as weak and useless, but more importantly, dangerous. It gives evidence to support the suggested dangers ______ with science’s attempts to discover nature’s power. If the result is not ______ dangerous, it can still have harmful side effects.

  1.A.buildingB.definingC.showingD.uncovering

  2.A.concernsB.viewsC.findingsD.achievements

  3.A.interestsB.ambitionsC.discoveriesD.thoughts

  4.A.preventingB.earningC.destroyingD.breaking

  5.A.mysteriousB.powerfulC.fantasticD.special

  6.A.prosperityB.perfectionC.improvementD.integrity

  7.A.beliefsB.experiencesC.actionsD.attempts

  8.A.disappointingB.meaningfulC.uselessD.significant

  9.A.throwsB.expressesC.holdsD.casts

  10.A.improperB.unbelievableC.dangerousD.unwise

  11.A.reformsB.failuresC.experimentsD.changes

  12.A.controlledB.digestedC.sharedD.applied

  13.A.questionB.doubtC.hopeD.use

  14.A.providedB.suppliedC.associatedD.compared

  15.A.directlyB.especiallyC.definitelyD.necessarily

  三、阅读理解

  Look to many of history’s cultural symbols, and there you’ll find an ancestor of Frosty, the snowman in the movie Frozen. It appeared on some of the first postcards, starred in some of the earliest silent movies, and was the subject of a couple of the earliest photos, dating all the way back to the 1800s. I discovered even more about one of humanity’s earliest forms of life art during several years of research around the world.

  For example, snowmen were a phenomenon in the Middle Ages, built with great skill and thought. At a time of limited means of expression, snow was like free art supplies dropped from the sky. It was a popular activity for couples to leisurely walk through town to view the temporary works of chilly art. Some were created by famous artists, including a 19-year-old Michelangelo, who in 1494 was appointed by the ruler of Florence, Italy, to build a snowman in his mansion’s courtyard.

  The Miracle of 1511 took place during six freezing works called the Winter of Death. The city of Brussels was covered in snowmen—an impressive scene that told stories on every street corner. Some were political in nature, criticizing the church and government. Some were a reflection of people’s imagination. For the people of Brussels, this was a defining moment of defining freedom. At least until spring arrived, by which time they were dealing with damaging floods.

  If you fear the heyday of the snowman has passed, don’t worry: I’ve learned that some explosive snowman history is still being made today. Every year since 1818, the people of Zurich, Switzerland, celebrate the beginning of spring by blowing up a snowman. On the third Monday of April, the holiday Sechselauten is kicked off when a cotton snowman called the Boogg is stuffed with explosive and paraded through town by bakers and other tradesmen who throw bread to the crowds. The parade ends with the Boogg being placed on a 40-foot pile of firewood. After the bells of the Church of St. Peter have rung six times, representing the passing of winter, the pile is lit. When the snowman explodes, winter is considered officially over—the quicker it is burnt down, the longer summer is said to be.

  1.According to the passage, why did snowmen become a phenomenon in the Middle Ages

  A.People thought of snow as holy art supplies.

  B.People longed to see masterpieces of snow.

  C.Building snowmen was a way for people to express themselves.

  D.Building snowmen helped people develop their skill and thought.

  2.“The heyday of the snowman” (paragraph 4) means the time when___________.

  A.snowmen were made mainly by artists

  B.snowmen enjoyed great popularity

  C.snowmen were politically criticized

  D.snowmen caused damaging floods

  3.In Zurich, the blowing up of the Boogg symbolizes__________________.

  A.the start of the parade

  B.the coming of a longer summer

  C.the passing of the winter

  D.the success of tradesmen

  4.What can be concluded about snowmen from the passage

  A.They were appreciated in history

  B.They have lost their value

  C.They were related to movies

  D.They vary in shape and size

  Home Laundry Automatic Dryer Product

  Full Two Year Warranty(保修)

  Limited Five Year Warranty on Cabinet(机箱)

  Warranty Provides for:

  FIRST TWO YEARS Amana will repair or replace any faulty part free of charge.

  THIRD THRU FIFTH YEARS Amana will provide a free replacement part for any cabinet which proves faulty due to rust(生锈).

  Warranty Limitations:

  Warranty begins at date of original purchase.

  Applies only to product used within the United States or in Canada if product is approved by Canadian Standards Association when shipped from factory.

  Products used on a commercial or rental basis not covered by this warranty.

  Service must be performed by an Amana servicer.

  Adjustments covered during first year only.

  Warranty Does Not Cover It If:

  Product has damage due to product change,connection to an improper electrical supply> shipping and handling, accident, fire, floods, lightning or other conditions beyond the control of Amana.

  Product is improperly installed(安装)or applied.

  Owner’s Responsibilities:

  Provide sales receipt.

  Normal care and repair.

  Having the product reasonably accessible for service.

  Pay for service calls related to product installation or usage instructions.

  Pay for extra service costs, over normal service charges, if servicer is requested to perform service outside servicer^ normal business hours.

  * In no event shall Amana be responsible for consequential damages(间接损坏).

  * This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have others which vary from state to state For example, some states do not allow the exclusion(排除)or limitation of consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.

  1.According to Warranty Limitations, a product can be under warranty if .

  A.used in the U.S. A.B.rented for home use

  C.repaired by the user himselfD.shipped from a Canadian factory

  2.According to Owner’s Responsibilities, an owner has to pay for .

  A.the product installationB.a servicer’s overtime work

  C.the loss of the sales receiptD.a mechanic’s transportation

  3.Which of the following is true according to the warranty

  A.Consequential damages are excluded across America.

  B.A product damaged in a natural disaster is covered by the warranty.

  C.A faulty cabinet due to rust can be replaced free in the second year.

  D.Free repair is available for a product used improperly in the first year.

  Like every dog, every disease now seems to have its day. World Tuberculosis (infections disease in which growths appear on the lungs) Day is on Saturday March 24th.

  Tuberculosis was once terribly fashionable. Dying of “consumption” seems to have been a favorite activity of garret-dwelling 19th-century artists, has, however, been neglected of late. Researchers in the field never tire of pointing out that TB kills a lot of people. According to figures released earlier this week by the World Health Organization, 1.6 million people died of the disease in 20xx, compared with about 3m for AIDS and 1m for malaria. But it receives only a fraction of the research budget devoted to AIDS. America’s National Institutes of Health, for example, spends 20 times as much on AIDS as on TB. Nevertheless, everyone seems to getting in on the TB-day act this year.

  The Global Fund an international organization responsible fur fighting all three diseases but best known for its work on AIDS, has used the occasion to trumpet its tuberculosis projects. The fund claims that its anti-TB activities since it opened for business in 20xx have saved the lives of over 1m people. The World Health Organization has issued a report that contains some good news. Although the number of TB cases is still rising, the rate of illness seems to have stabilized; the caseload, in other words, is growing only because the population itself is going up.

  Even drug companies are involved. In the run-up to the day itself, Eli Lilly announced a $ 50m boost to its MDRTB Global Partnership. MDR stands for multi-drug resistance, and it is one of the reasons why TB is back in the limelight. Careless treatment has caused drug-resistant strains to evolve all over the world. The course of drugs needed to clear the disease completely takes six mouths, anti persuading people to stay that course once their symptoms have gone is hard. Unfortunately, those infected with MDR have to be treated with less effective, more poisonous and more costly drugs. Naturally, these provoke still more. non-compliance and thus still more evolution.

  The other reason TB is back is its relationship to AIDS. The (global Fund’s joint responsibility for the diseases is no coincidence. AIDS does not kill directly. Rather, HIV, the virus that causes it, weakens the body’s immune system and exposes the sufferer to secondary infections. Of these, TB is one of the most serious. It kills 200 000 AIDS patients a year. However, some anti-TB drugs interfere with the effect of some anti-HIV drugs. Conversely, in about 20% of cases where a patient has both diseases, anti-HIV drugs make the tuberculosis worse. The upshot is that 125 years after human beings worked out what caused TB, it is still a serious threat.

  1.The first sentence “Like every dog, every disease now seems to have its day.” means _______.

  A.every dog enjoys good luck or success sooner or later

  B.human beings can deal with problems caused by disease

  C.Tuberculosis becomes a serious infection disease

  D.people attach importance to Tuberculosis recently

  2.By referring to AIDS in Paragraph 2, the author intends to show _______.

  A.the US government is reluctant to spend millions of dollars on Tuberculosis

  B.the death rate of AIDS is higher than that of Tuberculosis

  C.the officials didn’t pay much attention to the research of Tuberculosis in the past

  D.compared with AIDS, Tuberculosis can be cured effectively

  3.Which of the following is best defines the word “upshot” (Para 5)

  A.Outcome.B.Uphold.

  C.Achievement.D.Project.

  4.Which of the following proverbs is closest in meaning to the message the passage tries to convey

  A.Forgive and forget.

  B.Forgotten, but not gone.

  C.When the wound is healed, the pain is forgotten.

  D.Every dog is brave at his own door.

  四、六选四

  Adolescents refer to boys and girls at high-school level-more specifically the second, third and forth years of high schools. In dealing with students at this level, we must bear in mind that to some degree they are at the difficult stage, generally called adolescence.

  Students at this level are likely to be confused mentally. They usually find it hard to concentrate on what they intend to do and often have romantic dreams. 1. They lack frankness and are usually very easily affected by their own emotions but hate to admit it. They are driven either by greater ambition, probably beyond their capability, or by extreme laziness caused by the fear of not succeeding or achieving objectives. 2. They are willing to work, but they hate to work without obtaining the result they think they should obtain.

  Regarding school issues, although they seldom say so, they really want to be consulted and given an opportunity to direct their own affairs, but they need a good amount of guidance. They seldom admit that they need this guidance and they frequently rebel against it. But if it its intelligently offered they accept it with enthusiasm. As to personal beliefs, most of adolescents are trying to form political ideals and they have a tendency to be sometimes extremely idealistic, and at other times conventional, blindly accepting what their fathers and grandfathers believed in. 3. On the one hand they are too modest and on the other hand unreasonably boastful. They tend to be influenced more by a strong character than by great intelligence.

  4. Having a better understanding of the characteristics and needs of young people at this age is a task that falls both on educators and other people involved. It may also help the young go through this difficult and critical stage of life in a more constructive manner.

  A. The critical abilities are beginning

  B. Their view on life usually falls on two extremes.

  C. Of all periods of life, this is what may best be called the“plastic age”

  D. They are basically timid or self-conscious.

  E. Despite that, it is also in this periods that strong ties between teachers and students develop.

  F. Fundamentally they want to be kept busy but they refuse to admit it.

  五、概要写作

  Summary Writing

  Imagine the situation. You are driving along a desert or on a mountain. You have no idea where you are. You passed the last house two hours ago. Then your car breaks down. It is night and it is cold. You have no mobile phone. What do you do Well, next time take a GPS with you. This invention may be able to help you. It is a device which uses satellites to find the user’s position. It can find your position to within 20 metres. A GPS cannot start your car, but at least you will know where you are.

  GPS, which means Global Positioning System, is a small radio receiver. It looks like a mobile phone. You can hold it in your hand, or put it in your pocket. It is sometimes put into a watch or a telephone. We also find GPS devices in cars, planes, or boats. Some of these devices have electronic maps, so you know where you are. For example, in a city they can tell you the name of the street.

  There are three parts to the Global Positioning System. The first part is the receiver. You can hold it in your hand, or have it fixed into your car, plane, etc. The second part is a group of satellites orbiting the Earth. The receiver contacts at least four of the satellites and calculates its position. The third part of the system is a network of ground stations. They are all over the world. They control the satellites and make sure they are working well.

  Some people think that in the future the GPS will be as common as the mobile. They are becoming cheaper and more and more accurate. There are also new uses for the GPS. Perhaps they will become like watches. Everyone will have one and you will never be lost again.

  六、汉译英

  Translation

  1.只有你尊重了别人,你才有可能从别人那里得到同样的尊重。 (Only)

  2.虽然遭到父母的强烈反对,当他绝不会放弃追求自己的梦想。 (despite)

  3.迄今虽说屡屡采取严控措施,但绝大多数人仍然觉得难以承担目前的高房价。 (majority)

  4.虽然妇女对社会的'贡献有目共睹,但对妇女的歧视仍然存在,并可能持续很长的一段时间。 (obvious)

  七、提纲类作文

  假设你校即将召开艺术节,作为学校电影社团的团长,你将在艺术节开幕式上介绍一部电影,写一份发言稿,内容包括:

  1.你介绍的电影名称及内容简介;

  2.你为什么要选择介绍这部电影。

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