山东省聊城市-学年高三上学期期中英语试卷

试题试卷 时间:2020-07-05 我要投稿

山东省聊城市2019-2020学年高三上学期期中英语试卷

  一、阅读理解

山东省聊城市2019-2020学年高三上学期期中英语试卷

  Given the size of the country, the climate in Australia varies greatly from one zone to the next. Generally speaking, there are four seasons across most of the country while the Top End (including Darwin, Katherine, Kakadu and Arnhem Land), Broome, the Kimberley and Tropical North Queensland experience a ‘wet season’ ( November to April) and a ‘dry season’ (May to October).

  It’s also important to remember that Australia’s seasons are at opposite times to those in the Northern Hemisphere (半球). So if you’re looking for an endless summer, just head Down Under as things start to cool off in the Northern Hemisphere.

  Summer in Australia falls between December and February and is famous for sunny days with high temperatures. It’s the wet season in the tropical north (November to April), which is characterised by monsoonal (季风) rains. Many tourism operations are closed for the season, so are some national parks (such as Kakadu) due to flood risks. The same period is also the official hurricane season for areas around Cairns, although storms can also occur outside of this period.

  For the ideal Australian summer, head to the southern parts of the country where you’ll find hot, sunny days to enjoy the unbelievable experiences on offer. The great weather encourages a steady flock of visitors to the country’s beautiful beaches to swim, surf or just relax. Celebrate the new year like a true Australian—with a beach barbecue—or visit Sydney for their internationally famous New Year’s Eve fireworks display. It’s a popular time for travel in Australia, both for local families and international visitors. Check the school holiday calendar for more information on break periods, and remember to book your accommodation in advance to avoid disappointment.

  1.Which month is considered as a dry season in Broome

  A.April.B.September.

  C.November.D.December.

  2.What does the underlined part “Down Under” in Paragraph 2 refer to

  A.A club.B.An airport.

  C.Australia.D.The Northern Hemisphere.

  3.What is the main characteristic in the northern Australia in summer

  A.Bad weather.B.The beach barbecue.

  C.Fireworks.D.Beautiful beaches.

  I saw the most beautiful thing ever one morning. It was early with a slight frost on the ground, and I was walking on grass down to the farm—my mind on the daily routines.

  Suddenly a shining flash erupted straight from the ground about 15 feet in front of me, and shot up into the sky. It was so brilliant, clear and clean. I thought the only thing that could make such a flash must be a diamond—maybe someone had lost some kind of jewelry. Or some kind of lightning strikes—so bright. I waited to see if it repeated but it didn’t.

  I walked slowly towards it. There was nothing to see. I stared down at the grass, searching for gold or some kind of metal. Nothing. So I dropped down really close and there it was! A tiny spider’s web, delicately hanging between grass, flashing in a number of colors. The rising sun had caught the exact angle of the dewdrops (露珠), and that light had exploded up into the sky.

  It was unbelievable, such a powerful flash from something so small and fragile, and I would have destroyed it beneath my feet. It was as if the unseen world was giving me a heads-up. Hello! Look what’s around you. I’ve never forgotten that moment.

  So take some time to notice the wonder of nature that most of us never even see. So much beauty all around us if we would only take the time. Look at the tiny flowers that cover playing fields—we walk all over them without a second glance. The colors of practically any flower on the earth are breathtaking and all natural—if we would only notice. Take the time and discover from nature one secret beautiful thing that you can keep in your heart. Take a picture. It’s what life really consists of. And it’s free.

  1.What actually caused the flash

  A.A diamond.B.The lightning.

  C.A piece of metal.D.A spider’s web.

  2.Why did the writer feel the discovery unforgettable

  A.The flash is very splendid.B.The spider’s web is mysterious.

  C.The shining object was priceless.D.Something small touches her soul.

  3.What does the writer try to convey in the last paragraph

  A.Appreciate the beauty of nature.B.Be considerate towards the weak.

  C.Find time to play outdoors.D.Keep a secret deep in heart.

  As our global population continues to rise, some assessments suggest it could reach nearly 10 billion people by 20xx. To feed that many people, we will need to produce quantities of food.

  With only 30 seasons of planting and harvest left before the population could hit that 10 billion figure, it’s clear that agriculture has to change, if we are to have any hope of feeding the planet.

  Over the past six months I’ve travelled all over Europe speaking to pioneering scientists and engineers, global-thought leaders, and of course, knowledgeable farmers, for the BBC World News and BBC Future series, Follow the Food in order to examine issues around food supply and even find some potential solutions for our future.

  One of the most shocking facts I learned is the amount of good and eatable food that gets wasted. According to the United Nations, “A third of all food produced ends up rotting (腐烂) in the dustbins of consumers and markets, or damaging due to poor transportation and harvesting practices.”

  Spending time with farmers, producers, and consumers, I quickly saw how our current ways of growing, processing and selling food just aren’t sustainable (可持续的).

  The only way we can feed 10 billion people by 20xx is if the farming and food industries become much more sustainable. And that requires changes to the whole model of growing, processing, transporting, storing and selling. It means a lot of businesses and governments need to take action. But so too do we all. Whether that’s going to the market and choosing the most “ugly” vegetables for dinner, encouraging supermarkets to change their labelling to show us the carbon footprint of our food, or using new tech to avoid waste, there’s so much we can do to value our food and its producers.

  1.How does the writer feel about the production of enough food by 20xx

  A.Optimistic.B.Impossible.

  C.Challenging.D.Confident.

  2.What is the purpose of the writer’s journey in Europe

  A.To experience various careers in Europe.

  B.To have a knowledge of farmers.

  C.To become the best host in BBC programs.

  D.To make further studies of present situation.

  3.What can be inferred from the statement of the United Nations

  A.Plenty of food waste is avoidable.

  B.Food production is far from enough.

  C.Advanced agriculture is urgently needed.

  D.Foods are too fragile to be well stored.

  4.What is the main idea of the last paragraph

  A.The procedure for food production is complex.

  B.Joint efforts are needed to feed 10 billion people.

  C.There are great opportunities for food business.

  D.Governments should take full responsibility.

  二、七选五

  The Oxford English Dictionary defines work as the “mental or physical activity as a means of earning income”. Since the industrial revolution, the working world has seen dramatic changes, 1. We could never have dreamed of most of them just decades ago.

  We are finding new ways to explore our inborn talents and use our knowledge and skills for the good of the world. Yet most of us are operating under an outdated definition of work. We think work should be hard and that it should be a sacrifice. 2. Only powerful and successful people are able to experience the pleasure of working.

  3. As a saying goes, “The mind is everything. Whatever you think, you become.” Stanford psychologist Carol Dweek’s research on the power of thinking and a growth mindset provides even more evidence that our realities and futures are greatly shaped by how our minds approach the situation.

  The next best step is to come up with your own definition of work. Think through the following two questions: 4. How similar or different is your actual day-to-day work to or from your definition Ask these questions often—not just once.

  If you want to spend the majority of your time loving what you do and feeling a deep sense of fulfillment, you need to take charge of creating this for yourself. It doesn’t matter whether you are a businessman or a student with a part-time job. 5.

  A. What is your definition of work

  B. New jobs are being created every day.

  C. Do you understand the definition of work

  D. Enjoying work is simply something “nice to have”.

  E. We are supposed to work hard to satisfy our own need.

  F. But we must remember that the mind creates the experience.

  G. You have more power to manage your experience of work than you believe.

  三、完形填空

  When I arrived at college, I expected everything to quickly fall into place. I’d be that girl in the movies who started off ________ and nervous, but then found her ________ and had the world at her fingertips. All my life I had been told that college was where you ________ exactly who you were and I had assumed it would happen right away.

  However, this didn’t happen. I watched the girls on my floor become best friends while my roommates and I were only ________. I remembered being ________ of a girl on the football team because upon arriving at college, she ________ had a group to bond with. I had tried out the psychology club, but found it ________. I knew there were other ________ on campus, but I had no idea where to start.

  _____ by 15,000 other students, I felt lost. My response was to ________ in my room, but I always wondered what was going on ________ my dorm room walls. I grew lonely and got down on myself for not being more ________.

  Later, I ________ college itself is not a catalyst (催化剂) for finding myself and that I had to put myself out there ________ I wanted new experiences. I still had no idea ________ I was looking for but I ________ to make some changes, I joined a volunteer club and even took classes in acting. Each time I ________ something new, I felt nervous. But gradually I found myself accustomed to meeting new people and ________ my comfort zone.

  Feeling lost made me ________ myself. I could have spent all four years in my room ________ why nothing was changing, but instead I devoted myself to campus life and became better.

  1.A.outgoingB.shyC.activeD.lazy

  2.A.friendsB.parentsC.professorsD.relatives

  3.A.believed inB.held backC.figured outD.gave away

  4.A.strangersB.partnersC.acquaintancesD.soulmates

  5.A.proudB.ashamedC.afraidD.jealous

  6.A.immediatelyB.rarelyC.finallyD.eventually

  7.A.funnyB.boringC.attractiveD.illegal

  8.A.goalsB.coursesC.competitionsD.options

  9.A.InspiredB.InfluencedC.DefeatedD.Surrounded

  10.A.hideB.exerciseC.studyD.sleep

  11.A.withinB.beyondC.againstD.between

  12.A.aggressiveB.smartC.generousD.social

  13.A.imaginedB.realizedC.suspectedD.denied

  14.A.althoughB.unlessC.ifD.while

  15.A.whoB.whichC.whatD.where

  16.A.agreedB.failedC.promisedD.decided

  17.A.spottedB.triedC.occupiedD.missed

  18.A.expandingB.limitingC.settingD.designing

  19.A.hateB.abandonC.pushD.relax

  20.A.wonderingB.celebratingC.discussingD.researching

  四、语法填空

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。

  With fewer than 2, 000 giant pandas left in the wild, the sighting of one of the lovely animals is a cause for 1. (celebrate). However, the one recently spotted walking through a bamboo forest in China’s Sichuan Province is even more so, 2. (consider) that it is the worlds first known all-white panda!

  It 3. (spot) by an infrared (红外线的) camera set up to monitor the wildlife in the Wolong National Nature Reserve on May 25, 20xx, 4. is also home to China’s first giant panda breeding and research center. Wolong officials estimate the panda, whose sex is hard 5. (determine) from the photo, is between one and two years old.

  6. is generally believed that the giant pandas unique black and white coloring allows it to blend in with the snow during winter or to hide in the shade during summer. Some 7. (scientist) also believe the dark circles around the eyes help the panda bears recognize each other. 8. (lucky), the lack of markings does not seem to have affected the all-white panda so far.

  The researchers say albino (白化病) animals are rare in general. That’s because it can only happen if both parents carry the gene. With so few specimens of panda bears left in the world, the possibility of that happening is almost next 9. impossible. Researchers believe if its offspring can be photographed, it will be 10. (value) for further research.

  五、提纲类作文

  假定你是学生会主席李华,你校英语社团排练的话剧 The Million Pound Note在市话剧比赛中获得一等奖。请给已回国的外教 Susan写封邮件,内容包括:

  1. 表达感谢;

  2. 回顾 Susan的指导;

  3. 表达祝愿。

  注意:1. 词数80左右;

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  参考词汇:排练: rehearse vt.

  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  六、读后续写

  阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的'故事。

  It was 1st January, the first day of the year and a holiday for me. What luck! I decided to withdraw some money from the bank, The bank person, an elderly gentleman with a white beard, replied indifferently as usual to my polite “Happy New Year.” He nodded and I sat in front of him.

  Minutes passed but he didn’t raise his head.

  Then very hesitantly I put my form and booklet in front of him. He was busy filling up entries in his register. After a few minutes he took my form and from his cabinet he took out a very thick file, from which he started filling in my details, I sat there wondering why we had computerized banking if we were still filling in forms and register.

  After waiting for a few more minutes, in which I showed all signs of being impatient, I asked him if my work was done. The moment I said the words, I felt as if a bomb had fallen on him. He shouted, “Nothing is done, it will take time!”

  Just then I saw his morning cup of tea which had been lying there for the last ten minutes, untouched. The tea had tuned almost cold while he was doing his work. Suddenly I felt what this man, who had been working at this counter for the last God-knows-how-many years, must be feeling when customers like me come who are always in a hurry to get their work done. We do not even feel the need to thank them for being there, He must be feeling so anxious that “here comes another person who will push me for doing his work first.”

  注意:

  1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

  2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

  3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

  4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

  Paragraph 1:

  Thinking of this, I told him, “Sir, you please hare your tea, I am not in a hurry.”

  __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Paragraph 2:

  What he said really touched my heart.

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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